Corns and Calluses

Thickening of the skin layers (hyperkeratosis) most commonly found on the side, top or in between toes. Calluses are flat thickened areas of skin layers whilst corns are more localised small areas of callus containing a deep centre or nucleus that presses into the underlying dermis to cause pain. The patient generally has a feeling of a ‘stone’ or ‘pit’ pressing into the skin. Corns can be painful especially when walking on them.

The above mentioned conditions are commonly caused by friction and incorrect pressure distribution. For example, incorrectly-fitted footwear, biomechanical abnormalities such as over-pronation and over-supination, abnormal anatomy of the feet such as hammer-toes, bunions and other toe deformities.